CNRS-INSB UCA
CNRS-INSHS
lapsco
LAboratoire de Psychologie
Sociale et COgnitive

UMR 6024 UCA-CNRS
L'étude de la cognition depuis ses bases cérébrales jusqu'à sa régulation sous l'influence de l'environnement social

DERNIÈRES PUBLICATIONS
Deffuant, G., Roozmand, O., Huet, S., Khamzina, K., Nugier, A., Guimond, S. (2022). Can biases in perceived attitudes explain anti-conformism ? in IEEE Transactions on Computational Social Systems, doi : 10.1109/TCSS.2022.3154034.
Dezecache G., Martin J.R., Tessier C., Safra L., Pitron V., Nuss P. & Grèzes J. (2021). Nature and determinants of social actions during a mass shooting. PLOS ONE, 16. doi : 10.1371/journal.pone.0260392
Newson M., Zhao Y., El Zein M., Sulik J., Dezecache G., Deroy O. & Tunçgenç B. (2021). Digital contact does not promote wellbeing, but face-to-face does : A cross-national survey during the Covid-19 pandemic. New Media & Society. doi : 10.1177/14614448211062164
SÉMINAIRES
30/06/2022 – Mehdi MOUSSAID

La foule peut-elle jouer aux échecs ? Exploration des mécanismes cognitifs d’intelligence collective. (TEAMS, 10h30-12h00)

15/09/2022 – Vincent PICHOT

Analyse de la variabilité RR : Méthodes et applications. (Amphi Collomp, 10h30-12h00)

ÉVÉNEMENTS
Enseignement et formation 2022

Juin 2022. Conditions d’admission en thèse

#Metoo et #Balancetonporc : analyse et comparaison

Informations relatives aux droits CNIL et à la non-oppostion

RECRUTEMENTS
Chaire de professeur Junior - Numérique pour l’éducation H/F

Le LAPSCO recrute un/une jeune chercheur.se sur une "chaire professeur junior" dans le domaine du numérique éducatif (digital education).

Rechercher




Accueil > À la une

The Effect of the Detection Engagement and Savoring Positivity (DESP) Task on Eye-Tracking of Attention

publié le

Janvier 2020. La DESP, un outil à visée thérapeutique qui permet de corriger les biais attentionnels en apprenant aux personnes à diriger volontairement leur attention vers de l’information positive, vient d’être publiée dans Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry (déclaration d’invention n°0487-UCADESPTASK).

Background and Objectives : We tested the effect of a new Attentional Bias Modification (ABM) task - the Detection Engagement and Savoring Positivity (DESP) task - on attentional biases. The DESP is innovative in that it involves a procedure of savoring the positivity of various pictures.

Methods : Participants were randomly assigned to the DESP or to a placebo control condition (experiment 1 ; n = 38) or a condition controlling for savoring (experiment 2 ; n = 54) in a pre-post/training experimental design. During one week, the participants completed the DESP or the control task once a day between three and six times. We assessed the effects of the DESP task on various attentional biases (i.e. positive, negative and threat) by computing dwell time from an eye-tracking technology before and after the training, and also one week after the post-training session in experiment 2.

Results : In both experiments, the attentional bias toward positive stimuli between the pre- and the post-training increased significantly more in the DESP task condition than in the control conditions. Negative and threat attentional biases were not significantly affected by the experimental manipulations. Experiment 2 revealed that the DESP task – including the savoring instruction – increased significantly more the positive attentional bias than a task excluding this step and that this effect remained significant one week after the post-training session.

Limitations : Our samples were mainly composed of women participants. This prevents generalization of the findings.

Conclusions : The DESP task offers promising perspectives for sustainably improving attention to positive information.

 
Corman, M., Aubret, D., Ghazal, J., Berthon, M., Chausse, P., Lohou, C, Dambrun, M. (2020). Attentional bias modification with a new paradigm : The effect of the Detection Engagement and Savoring Positivity (DESP) Task on eye-tracking of attention. Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry, 68. doi : /10.1016/j.jbtep.2019.101525