LAboratoire de Psychologie
Sociale et COgnitive

L'étude de la cognition depuis ses bases cérébrales jusqu'à sa régulation sous l'influence de l'environnement social

Spatola, N., & Normand, A. (2020). Human vs. machine : the psychological and behavioral consequences of being compared to an outperforming artificial agent. Psychological Research, 1-11. doi : 10.1007/s00426-020-01317-0
Troian-Adam J., Bonetto E., Varet F., Arciszewski T. & Dezecache G. (in press). Explaining social behaviour in response to death-related threats : The conspecific loss compensation mechanism. Evolutionary Behavioral Sciences.
Dezecache G., Frith C.D. & Deroy O. (2020). Pandemics and the great evolutionary mismatch. Current Biology, 30, R1-R3.
10/06/2021 Emilie CASPAR

Obedience to authority in the aftermath of a genocide. A social neuroscience study in Rwanda. (Teams, 10h30-11h30)

01/07/2021 Matthew EASTERBROOK

Using social psychology to tackle educational inequalities : Identities, contexts, and interventions. (Teams, 10h30-11h30)

Enseignement et formation 2021

Juin 2021. Conditions d’admission en thèse


Accueil > Séminaires

10/06/2021 Emilie CASPAR

par Ludovic FERRAND - publié le , mis à jour le

Obedience to authority in the aftermath of a genocide. A social neuroscience study in Rwanda

Date : 10 juin 2021
Heure : 10h30 - 11h30
Lieu : Teams


Many destructive behaviors during genocides have been partly justified by a legitimate defence against offenders, a guarantee for not being victimized in the future such as it was the case in past conflicts. A critical societal question is to understand to what extent traumatic family experience during a genocide increases the propensity for next generation individuals to resist immoral orders, given the knowledge about the disastrous consequences of obedience committed by prior generations. In this study, we investigated to what extent the first generation of Rwandese born after the 1994 genocide would comply with immoral orders to inflict pain to another individual. We recruited 72 Rwandese in Rwanda and 72 Rwandese in Belgium. We observed that the more they reported that their family suffered during the 1994 genocide, the less they complied with immoral orders. This effect appeared to be mediated by a higher neural response to the pain of others for participants who reported a greater family suffering. We also observed that Rwandese tested in Belgium disobeyed more frequently to immoral orders than Rwandese tested in Rwanda. Results indicated that the best predictive factor of prosocial disobedience was a low cultural relationship to authority, thus emphasizing the weight of culture and education on people’s behaviors. The present study opens new paths for interdisciplinary field research dedicated to the study of obedience.


Dr. Emilie CASPAR (CO3, Centre de Recherche Cognition et Neurosciences (CRCN), Université Libre de Bruxelles ; Social Brain Lab, Netherlands Institute for Neuroscience (NIN), KNAW)